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An In-depth guide

HOW DO ELECTRIC BIKES WORK?

AMAZON AFFILIATE DISCLOSURE - As an Amazon assoiciate we earn from qualifying purchases

Here's What You'll Learn In This In-Depth Guide About Electric Bicycles

CHAPTER 1

What Is A Electric Bicycle?

CHAPTER 2

The Sensor Component

CHAPTER 3

The Battery Component

CHAPTER 4

The Motor Component

CHAPTER 5

How Do These Components Work Together?

CHAPTER 6

How To Charge An Electric Bike

CHAPTER 1
What Is A Electric Bicycle?

At the very core of an electric bicycle, you have a push bike. However, an e-bike has a number of extra components, which work together so that the bike operates. These extra components include an electric display, sensor, battery, and electric motor. There are different types of electric bikes as well. However, the vast majority use pedal assist. This means that the motor is only going to be activated when the pedals are already in motion. This means you can still workout by using your bike, yet the ride is made a lot easier too because you get an added boost. With that being said, in this guide, we are going to reveal everything you need to know about electric bikes and how they operate.

The three main components of an electric bicycle are the sensor, battery, and motor, so let’s take a look at these in further detail.

CHAPTER 2
The Sensor Component

Firstly, we have the sensor.

This is an extremely important component.

There are two types of sensors that are used on different electronic bicycles.

The first is a torque sensor and the second is a speed sensory. With the latter, the motor is immediately engaged once you start to pedal, which gives you the ride assistance.

However, with a torque sensor, you get more intelligence. This is because the sensory is going to respond in accordance with your speed. This makes it a lot more responsive, assisting with manoeuvring and speed.

CHAPTER 3
The Battery Component

The battery on an e-bike can be found in a number of different locations.

This depends on the size of the bike, as well as the type of frame used. Each battery type, model, and make means there are going to be different charging times.

The typical charging time for an e-bike battery is between five and six hours. It is easy to charge your battery. Think about how you charge your mobile phone. All you need to do is plug it into the wall and you’re good to go.

CHAPTER 4
The Motor Component

Finally, we have an electric bike motor. There are a number of different places the electric motor can be found as well. Each has different benefits, no matter whether you go for a mid-drive motor, rear hub motor, or front hub motor.

But, what is the main objective of the motor? This is to control torque. The more advanced the electric motor, the more torque it provides. You will be able to get more power out of your bike the more torque that you have.

As mentioned, there are different placements for motors, and there are benefits associated with each option. So, let’s take a look at this to get a better understanding.

You can also choose between different motor types, not only different motor locations. Batteries and motors tend to be supplied predominantly by Tranz-X, Yamaha, Shamano, and Bosch. You can choose from hub motors and crank motors. Hub motors drive the wheel itself. They provide great value for money but you won’t find these sorts of motors on higher-end electronic bikes. For these sort of bikes, you will find crank motors. Crank motors give the pedals assistance, which, in turn, will move the wheels. They usually provide a transfer of power in an improved way. This is because your power is going into the cranks, and so adding power here can feel more natural, as opposed to having the power come directly from the wheels. You will tend to find these sorts of motors on the higher-end e-bikes. They will usually come with higher amounts of torque.

CHAPTER 5
How Do These Components Work Together?

Now that you have a good understanding of the different components of an e-bike, it is vital to take a look at how they all work together. After all, this is what is key when it comes to a good electronic bike. The display combination, motor, and battery are going to give you everything you need for a smooth and enjoyable ride. The battery supplies the motor with the power, which then powers the drivetrain, meaning you have all of the assistance that is needed for tackling long rides and steep hills. You can also control the level of assistance you receive through the display, as well as controlling the power that the motor sends to the drivetrain.

Information about electric bike displays

Your e-bike display is going to provide information on assistance modes, trip distance, distance, speed, range, and battery level. More advanced e-bikes can provide additional features, for example, sat nav/GPS and fitness tracking.


CHAPTER 6
How To Charge An Electric Bike

Finally, now that you know exactly how electric bikes work, what about charging them? This is the easiest part of the process. An e-bike is going to charge in the same manner as a laptop or a mobile phone. All you need to do is plug your charger into a wall outlet.

Battery charge time will vary depending on the make and model of the battery, with batteries taking anything from two to eight hours in order to reach full charge. All of this information will come with the bike that you purchase.

SUMMARY

So there you have it; everything you need to know about electric bikes and how they work. We hope that you have found this information useful. There are many different electronic bikes on the market today, and they are only getting more and more popular, as people are seeking more eco-friendly methods of commuting and getting to work.

When narrowing down your search, make sure you consider all bike components, from the gears to the tyres, and this should help you to find the perfect bike for you. 

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